No removal of imminent eschatology
The title is suggested by a post of James Crossley containing this phrase. Richard Hays has noted citing August Strobel that Hab 2:4 was a key verse, both within Judaism and within early Christianity, to understanding the problem of the delay in appearance of God's eschalogical justice. This was a problem faced when prophecy failed. The solution was a new genre we call apocalyptical literature. In my last post on “the righteous man” it was suggested that Luke used Habakkuk as a source citing Hays.
Those who assert that the Gospel of Matthew has a strong theme that the end is near rely upon three passages, two of which Matthew copied from Luke: Matthew 10:23; 16:28 (Lk 9:27/Mk 9:1) and 24:34 (Lk 21:32/Mk 13:30). In addition, Matthew uses the phrase translated in the RSV as “the close of the age” five times: Matthew 13:39, 40, 49; 24:3; and 28:20. Neither Luke nor Mark employs this phrase.
The first passage, Matthew 10:23: “When they persecute you in one town, flee to the next; for truly, I say to you, you will not have gone through all the towns of Israel, before the Son of man comes” is a rewrite of Luke 21:12 (But before all this they will lay their hands on you and persecute you, delivering you up to the synagogues and prisons, and you will be brought before kings and governors for my name's sake) and 17 (And then they will see the Son of man coming in a cloud with power and great glory) combining them in one verse. Both Matthew and Mark replaced “This will be a time for you to bear testimony” contained in Luke 21:13. Mark states: “And the gospel must first be preached to all nations” while Matthew states “And this gospel of the kingdom will be preached throughout the whole world, as a testimony to all nations; and then the end will come.” Both Matthew and Mark have modified Luke, which said “This will give you an opportunity to testify” because many of the eyewitnesses have died.
The Jewish polemics against the earliest Christians included the allegation that Jesus threatened to destroy the
The delay in appearance of God's eschalogical justice was not a new problem. Luke addressed this problem in his unique Parable of the Unjust Judge by including these two verses: “And will not God vindicate his elect, who cry to him day and night? Will he delay long over them? I tell you, he will vindicate them speedily. Nevertheless, when the Son of man comes, will he find faith on earth?" The designation of Jesus as “the righteous man” is the clue that Luke has used the concept contained in Habakkuk in a manner with consistent with the interpretation contained in 1 QpHab and the Epistle to the Hebrews. Bovon has indicated that the Lucan interpretation should be "Certainly God will vindicate his elect but for the time being he will be slow."
Luke has a strong eschatological interest. He saw that “The