In those days
“In those days” (eg. Jer 3:16; 5:18; Zec 8:6) or “in that time” (eg. Isa 20:2; Jer 3:17; 4:11) is a formula for an eschatological term and in later prophetic traditions became a characteristic of eschatological style. The expression “on that day” also appears as a technical eschatological term in a number of other OT passages (cf., e.g., Isa 2:11, 17, 20; 3:7, 18; Amos 8:3, 9; Hos 2:18, 21).
Judaism, as reflected in the Book of Jubilees and a number of other early Jewish writings, anticipated a period of deep trouble before the arrival of the
“this is but the beginning of the birth-pangs.”
The woes, in accord with Jewish teaching, are:
1) wars, earthquakes and famines, “the beginning of travail”;
2) the great tribulation;
3) commotions among the heavenly bodies.
Matthew and Mark have added to Luke “the abomination that causes desolation”; “For false Christs and false prophets will arise and show great signs and wonders, so as to lead astray, if possible, the elect” and the word “tribulation.”
Luke uses the phrase “in those days” uniquely with respect to Jesus being in the wilderness for forty days and his account of the Transfiguration. He also tells us: “The days will come, when the bridegroom is taken away from them, and then they will fast in those days.”
In Acts 14:22, Luke wrote “that through many tribulations we must enter the
Luke includes the thought of eschatological judgment in his account of John the Baptist with his “axe is laid to the root of the trees; every tree therefore that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire” and with his reference to the process of winnowing and burning the chaff with unquenchable fire. The Lucan Jesus warns: “Let your loins be girded and your lamps burning, and you be like men awaiting their master.” There is clearly an eschatological reference in the table discourse of chapter 14 with these words: “Blessed is he who eats bread in the
Luke has a strong eschatological interest. He saw that “The