Dedicated to the writings of Saint Luke.

Friday, June 15, 2007

The sea stood

“And the sea ἔστη from its tossing about.”

Jonah 1:15 uses the Greek word ἔστη which appears 103 times in the Septuagint but only 9 times in the NT: 4 times in Luke, 3 times in John and 2 times in Acts.

Luke 6:8

But he knew their thoughts, and he said to the man who had the withered hand, "Come and stand here." And he rose and stood there.

Luke 6:17

And he came down with them and stood on a level place, with a great crowd of his disciples and a great multitude of people from all Judea and Jerusalem and the seacoast of Tyre and Sidon, who came to hear him and to be healed of their diseases;

Luke 8:44

43: And a woman who had had a flow of blood for twelve years and could not be healed by any one,
44: came up behind him, and touched the fringe of his garment; and immediately her flow of blood ceased.

Luke 24:36

33: And they rose that same hour and returned to Jerusalem; and they found the eleven gathered together and those who were with them,
34: who said, "The Lord has risen indeed, and has appeared to Simon!"
35: Then they told what had happened on the road, and how he was known to them in the breaking of the bread.
36: As they were saying this, Jesus himself stood among them.
37: But they were startled and frightened, and supposed that they saw a spirit.

John 20:19; 26

19: On the evening of that day, the first day of the week, the doors being shut where the disciples were, for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood among them and said to them, "Peace be with you."
20: When he had said this, he showed them his hands and his side. Then the disciples were glad when they saw the Lord.
21: Jesus said to them again, "Peace be with you. As the Father has sent me, even so I send you."
22: And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and said to them, "Receive the Holy Spirit.
23: If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven; if you retain the sins of any, they are retained."
24: Now Thomas, one of the twelve, called the Twin, was not with them when Jesus came.
25: So the other disciples told him, "We have seen the Lord." But he said to them, "Unless I see in his hands the print of the nails, and place my finger in the mark of the nails, and place my hand in his side, I will not believe."
26: Eight days later, his disciples were again in the house, and Thomas was with them. The doors were shut, but Jesus came and stood among them, and said, "Peace be with you."

John 21:4

Just as day was breaking, Jesus stood on the beach; yet the disciples did not know that it was Jesus.

Acts 3:8

And leaping up he stood and walked and entered the temple with them, walking and leaping and praising God.

Acts 10:30

And Cornelius said, "Four days ago, about this hour, I was keeping the ninth hour of prayer in my house; and behold, a man stood before me in bright apparel,

In each of the nine NT usage of the Greek word στη, something special happens. In Jonah 1:15 and Luke 8:44 divine action made the sea and the blood stand still respectively. In the eight other NT usage, it is not an ordinary person who stood but a person who was cured because he or she stood or Jesus stood nearby or the word is used in connection with post resurrection appearances of Jesus or the appearance of an angel. In one instance, Peter healed the lame man and he stood. Zhubert says that στη is an “(active causative) make stand, bring to standstill” but this explanation is somehow incomplete in that the divine action is not mentioned.

ἔστη is an example of the use of special language to describe divine action.

Copyrighted 2007


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