My study of Zephaniah 1:15 began when I realized that this verse is cited in discussions about “tribulation.” This verse contains many words that are included in the “language of divine speech.” Many of these words are used by Luke throughout the 21st chapter. Zephaniah 1:15 (RSV) states:
A day of wrath is that day, a day of distress and anguish, a day of ruin and devastation, a day of darkness and gloom, a day of clouds and thick darkness,
That day will be a day of wrath,
a day of affliction and anguish,
a day of untimely fate and devastation,
a day of darkness and gloom,
a day of clouds and fog,
ἡμέρα day; during the day, by day; Luke 6:13; 9:12; 21:34; 22:7; 22:66; 23:54; 24:29.
ὀργῆς anger; #3709; properly, desire (as a reaching forth or excitement of the mind), i.e. (by analogy), violent passion (ire, or (justifiable) abhorrence); by implication punishment; Luke 3:7; Luke 21:23, noun; ὀργὴ.
θλίψεως tribulation, pressure, persecution; # 2347; Acts 11:19; no occurrence Luke; Matthew; Mark; John; Acts.
γενομένης verb, become, be, happen; # 1096; to cause to be (gen-erate), i.e. (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literal, figurative, intensive, etc.); Luke 4:42; 6:48.
ἀνάγκης (6) noun, force, constraint, necessity; # 318; constraint (literally or figuratively); by implication, distress; ἀνάγκη; Luke 21:23; ἀνάγκην; Luke 14:18.
ἀωρίας (2) noun, untimely, unseasonable.
ἀφανισμοῦ (6) noun, vanishing, disappearing, destruction; Hebrew 8:13; NT hapax.
σκότους (31) noun; darkness, gloom; # 4655; Luke 22:53.
γνόφου (5) noun; darkness; # 1105; Hebrew 12:18; NT hapax.
νεφέλης (31) noun; a cloud; # 3507; Luke 9:35; νεφέλῃ (16) noun, Luke 21:27.
ὁμίχλης (2) noun; a mist, fog; 2 Peter 2:17; NT hapax.
A number of these words warrant further study.